February 10, 2020

New species of shrew discovered on a single mountaintop in the Philippines

first_imgAnimals, Biodiversity, Conservation, Environment, Forests, Green, Happy-upbeat Environmental, Mammals, Mountains, New Species, Rainforests, Research, Species Discovery, Tropical Forests, Wildlife Popular in the CommunitySponsoredSponsoredOrangutan found tortured and decapitated prompts Indonesia probeEMGIES17 Jan, 2018We will never know the full extent of what this poor Orangutan went through before he died, the same must be done to this evil perpetrator(s) they don’t deserve the air that they breathe this has truly upset me and I wonder for the future for these wonderful creatures. So called ‘Mankind’ has a lot to answer for we are the only ones ruining this world I prefer animals to humans any day of the week.What makes community ecotourism succeed? In Madagascar, location, location, locationScissors1dOther countries should also learn and try to incorporateWhy you should care about the current wave of mass extinctions (commentary)Processor1 DecAfter all, there is no infinite anything in the whole galaxy!Infinite stupidity, right here on earth.The wildlife trade threatens people and animals alike (commentary)Anchor3dUnfortunately I feel The Chinese have no compassion for any living animal. They are a cruel country that as we knowneatbeverything that moves and do not humanily kill these poor animals and insects. They have no health and safety on their markets and they then contract these diseases. Maybe its karma maybe they should look at the way they live and stop using animals for all there so called remedies. DisgustingConservationists welcome China’s wildlife trade banThobolo27 JanChina has consistently been the worlds worst, “ Face of Evil “ in regards our planets flora and fauna survival. In some ways, this is nature trying to fight back. This ban is great, but the rest of the world just cannot allow it to be temporary, because history has demonstrated that once this coronavirus passes, they will in all likelihood, simply revert to been the planets worst Ecco Terrorists. Let’s simply not allow this to happen! How and why they have been able to degrade this planets iconic species, rape the planets rivers, oceans and forests, with apparent impunity, is just mind boggling! Please no more.Probing rural poachers in Africa: Why do they poach?Carrot3dOne day I feel like animals will be more scarce, and I agree with one of my friends, they said that poaching will take over the world, but I also hope notUpset about Amazon fires last year? Focus on deforestation this year (commentary)Bullhorn4dLies and more leisSponsoredSponsoredCoke is again the biggest culprit behind plastic waste in the PhilippinesGrapes7 NovOnce again the article blames companies for the actions of individuals. It is individuals that buy these products, it is individuals that dispose of them improperly. If we want to change it, we have to change, not just create bad guys to blame.Brazilian response to Bolsonaro policies and Amazon fires growsCar4 SepThank you for this excellent report. I feel overwhelmed by the ecocidal intent of the Bolsonaro government in the name of ‘developing’ their ‘God-given’ resources.U.S. allocates first of $30M in grants for forest conservation in SumatraPlanet4dcarrot hella thick ;)Melting Arctic sea ice may be altering winds, weather at equator: studyleftylarry30 JanThe Arctic sea ice seems to be recovering this winter as per the last 10-12 years, good news.Malaysia has the world’s highest deforestation rate, reveals Google forest mapBone27 Sep, 2018Who you’re trying to fool with selective data revelation?You can’t hide the truth if you show historical deforestation for all countries, especially in Europe from 1800s to this day. WorldBank has a good wholesome data on this.Mass tree planting along India’s Cauvery River has scientists worriedSurendra Nekkanti23 JanHi Mongabay. Good effort trying to be objective in this article. I would like to give a constructive feedback which could help in clearing things up.1. It is mentioned that planting trees in village common lands will have negative affects socially and ecologically. There is no need to even have to agree or disagree with it, because, you also mentioned the fact that Cauvery Calling aims to plant trees only in the private lands of the farmers. So, plantation in the common lands doesn’t come into the picture.2.I don’t see that the ecologists are totally against this project, but just they they have some concerns, mainly in terms of what species of trees will be planted. And because there was no direct communication between the ecologists and Isha Foundation, it was not possible for them to address the concerns. As you seem to have spoken with an Isha spokesperson, if you could connect the concerned parties, it would be great, because I see that the ecologists are genuinely interested in making sure things are done the right way.May we all come together and make things happen.Rare Amazon bush dogs caught on camera in BoliviaCarrot1 Feba very good iniciative to be fallowed by the ranchers all overSponsored Article published by Shreya Dasguptacenter_img The newly described Palawanosorex muscorum, or the Palawan moss shrew, is known to live only near the peak of Mount Mantalingajan on Palawan Island in the southern Philippines.The shrew has a stout body and broad forefeet with long claws, which it uses to dig through humus on the forest floor to look for earthworms.The moss shrew has no close known relatives in Asia, and how it came to live on Mount Mantalingajan is a mystery, researchers say. Scientists have described a new species of shrew that’s known to live only near the top of Mount Mantalingajan, the highest mountain on Palawan Island in the southern Philippines.The animal was first spotted in 2007 by the late Danilo “Danny” Balete, a Filipino scientist and research associate at the Field Museum in Chicago, U.S., when his team was surveying the mountain’s biodiversity. But they could not identify the species. Now, Balete’s collegues have confirmed that the shrew found near the mountain’s peak is not just a new species, but belongs to an entirely new genus.The shrew, dubbed Palawanosorex muscorum, or the Palawan moss shrew, has a stout body and broad forefeet with long claws, which it uses to dig through humus on the forest floor to look for earthworms, the researchers report in a new study published in the Journal of Mammology. The shrew also has a short tail covered by short, dense fur. By contrast, the Palawan shrew (Crocidura palawanensis), another species that’s endemic to the Philippines, has a slender body, slender feet and a very long tail covered with long bristles.So far, the tiny, gray Palawan moss shrew has been spotted only in forests close to the peak of the 2,086-meter-tall (6,844-foot) Mount Mantalingajan, between elevations of 1,550 to 1,950 meters (5,085 to 6,398 feet). In fact, the shrew is one of three mammal species that are known to occur only on Mount Mantalingajan, and nowhere else. The other two species are the Palawan montane squirrel (Sundasciurus rabori) and the Palawan soft-furred mountain rat (Palawanomys furvus).“There are entire countries that don’t have three unique mammal species — so for there to be three species on one mountain, on one island, in one country is really something,” Lawrence R. Heaney, Negaunee curator of mammals at the Field Museum in Chicago, said in a statement.The reason for Mount Mantalingajan’s rich biodiversity, the researchers say, is that it’s a “sky island” — an isolated mountain that’s very different from the surrounding lowlands, creating unique habitats for animals and plants to flourish in.“There could be many new species on these high mountainous regions in the Philippines, but because they are so high, and hard to get to, knowledge of their existence is awfully limited,” Heaney said.Palawanosorex muscorum was found on Mount Mantalingajan, a mountain on Palawan Island in the southern Philippines. Image by Danilo Balete.How the Palawan moss shrew came to live on Mount Mantalingajan, however, is still a mystery, the researchers say.The team estimates that the Palawan moss shrew split evolutionarily from its closest known relatives some 10 million years ago. Mount Mantalingajan and other Palawan high peaks, however, began rising above sea level no more than 5 million years ago, reaching their current elevations more recently, the authors write.“Given this history, it seems unlikely that P. muscorum occurred on Palawan before 5 Ma [5 million years ago] and may have arrived much more recently,” the authors add.The researchers speculate that Palawanosorex came to Palawan via Borneo within the last few million years.“We hypothesize that Palawanosorex reached Palawan from Borneo during one of the periods of Pleistocene low sea level, when the 2 islands either were joined by a continuous land bridge or were separated by only a narrow channel,” the team writes. “If this was the case, a living relative may yet be found on Borneo or other nearby area. Given that shrews are currently rather poorly sampled on Borneo, especially at high elevation, we recommend that comprehensive surveys be conducted.”The newly discovered Palawan moss shrew from the Philippines does not resemble any other type of shrew or have close relatives in Asia or elsewhere. Image by Danilo Balete.Much of the Palawan moss shrew’s habitat is currently undisturbed by human activity. And the researchers hope that it will stay this way, especially since Mount Mantalingajan functions as an important watershed, regulating water flow in Palawan.Sky islands “are where most of the water comes from that people in the lowlands depend on,” Heaney said. “If you want to protect your watersheds, you’ve got to protect your habitats.”Citation:Hutterer, R., Balete, D. S., Giarla, T. C., Heaney, L. R. & Esselstyn, J. A. A new genus and species of shrew (Mammalia: Soricidae) from Palawan Island, Philippines. Journal of Mammology. DOI:10.1093/jmammal/gyy041.last_img

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